May 29, 2020

Software first steps: Stream keys

By jfbethlehem
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In an earlier post, I suggested you first select a streaming provider. This could have been either YouTube, Facebook or Twitch. Before we can use software on the desktop to stream to these sites, you will need to get some information from them first. The information you need is the following:

  • The RTMP key or stream key
  • The RTMP URL or stream url, optionally

Each website has a slightly different way of getting the information. You can do the following steps to get this information:

Twitch

  1. Log in to Twitch.
  2. Click on your profile icon on the top-right.
  3. Click Creator dashboard.
  4. On the bottom of the screen, you will see a link “Find your personal stream key here”. Click that.
  5. Copy the stream key to a text editor for reference.
  6. Do not close the browser.

Facebook

  1. Go to Facebook.
  2. If you want to stream on a group or page, go to the group or page and click the “Live” button.
  3. If you want to stream from your profile, click the three dots under “Create post” and click “Live video”.
  4. On the producer page, click “Use stream key”.
  5. Optionally, you can select “Use a persistent stream key”  so you do not need to do the previous steps every time you want to stream. If you accidentally publish this stream key, others will be able to stream to your profile or page.
  6. Under the box “Live API” you see the server URL and the stream key. Copy those two a text editor for reference.
  7. Do not close the browser.

Youtube

  1. Go to Youtube.
  2. Click the “Create video or post” icon in the top-right.
  3. Click “Go live” in the popup.
  4. Click “Stream” on the left.
  5. Give the stream a name, set the correct category.
  6. Select if the stream is made for children or not.
  7. Click the “CREATE STREAM” button.
  8. You will get a screen showing the stream-url and the stream key. Do not use these. These are auto-generated and will change every time you open YouTube Studio.
  9. Click the down-arrow next to “Auto-generated key”. 
  10. Select ‘Create new stream key’.
  11. Give the key a name, like ‘Church service’ and a short description.
  12. You can choose a bitrate if you wish, I would not go higher than 1080p as that is what most people watch videos on and anything higher really eats into your internet bandwidth. Click ‘CREATE’.
  13. You can copy the stream key by clicking either the eye-icon and selecting the now visible key or by clicking the copy-button. Store it in an editor for reference.
  14. Do not close the browser.